Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar


Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar
Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar

Hello, grammar enthusiasts and language learners! 

In today’s enlightening blog, we’re unraveling the mysteries of “Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar.” 

Have you ever wondered why we use active and passive voice in sentences? What’s the difference, and when should you use each one? We’re here to demystify this essential grammatical concept. 

Active and passive voice are two essential components of English grammar that determine how sentences are structured. These voices impact the clarity and focus of your writing, making it essential to grasp their distinctions. In this article, we will explore the differences between active and passive voice, understand when to use each, and examine their impact on communication.

Active Voice

Active voice is the most common and straightforward way to construct a sentence in English. In an active voice sentence, the subject of the sentence performs the action, and the object receives the action. This results in clear and direct communication. For example:

  • The cat (subject) chased (verb) the mouse (object).

In this sentence, it is clear that the cat is the one doing the chasing.

Passive Voice

Passive voice, on the other hand, shifts the focus from the doer of the action to the receiver. In passive voice sentences, the object of the action becomes the subject of the sentence. The agent (the one performing the action) may or may not be mentioned. For example:

  • The mouse (subject) was chased (verb) by the cat.

In this passive voice sentence, the focus is on the mouse and the action it endured, but the cat, the agent of the action, is not explicitly mentioned. This is a key characteristic of passive voice.

When to Use Active Voice

  • Clarity: Active voice is generally preferred when clarity is crucial. It leaves no room for ambiguity, making it easier for the reader to understand who is performing the action.
  • Directness: Active voice is more direct and concise, which is often desirable in both written and spoken communication.
  • Emphasis: Active voice allows you to emphasize the doer of the action. If you want to highlight the subject, active voice is the way to go.

When to Use Passive Voice

  • Focus on the Receiver: Passive voice is used when the focus needs to be on the receiver of the action rather than the doer. This can be helpful when the doer is unknown or less important.
  • Formal Writing: In formal writing, such as scientific reports or academic papers, passive voice is often used to maintain objectivity.
  • Variety and Style: Using passive voice strategically can add variety to your writing and alter the flow, creating a unique style.


Let’s have a look at a video where we have provided clear explanations, practical examples, and insights into when and why you should use Active and passive voice. Our goal is to make grammar learning not just informative but also empowering. By the end of this video, you’ll have a solid grasp of active and passive voice, enabling you to express yourself with precision and style.



Both active and passive voices have their place in the English language, and choosing the right one depends on your communication goals. Active voice is straightforward, clear, and direct, making it suitable for most situations. Passive voice, on the other hand, offers versatility, allowing you to control the focus of your sentence and convey information differently. By understanding when and how to use each, you can enhance the effectiveness of your writing and communication.


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