How to Improve English Grammar and Vocabulary?

How to Improve English Grammar and Vocabulary

Mastering English grammar and vocabulary is essential for effective communication. Whether you’re preparing for exams, aiming for career advancement, or simply looking to improve your conversational skills, having a strong command of the language is crucial. In this blog, we will explore practical strategies to enhance your grammar and vocabulary, making you a more confident and fluent English speaker.

Reading Regularly

Benefits of Reading

Reading regularly is one of the most effective ways to improve your English grammar and vocabulary. It exposes you to new words, different sentence structures, and proper grammar usage in context. This passive learning helps you internalize language rules and expand your vocabulary naturally.

Suggested Reading Materials:

  • Novels and short stories
  • Newspapers and magazines
  • Blogs and online articles
  • Academic journals and research papers

By diversifying your reading materials, you can encounter a wide range of vocabulary and grammatical structures, enhancing your language skills comprehensively.

Writing Practice

Importance of Writing

Writing is a productive skill that reinforces your understanding of grammar and vocabulary. It allows you to practice constructing sentences, using new words, and applying grammatical rules. Regular writing helps you identify and correct errors, leading to improved accuracy and fluency.

Types of Writing Exercises:

  • Journaling about daily experiences
  • Writing essays on various topics
  • Creating short stories or poems
  • Drafting emails or letters

Engaging in different types of writing exercises ensures that you practice using language in various contexts, making you a more versatile communicator.

Using a Dictionary and Thesaurus

How to Use These Tools Effectively

A dictionary helps you understand the meaning, pronunciation, and usage of words, while a thesaurus provides synonyms and antonyms, helping you expand your vocabulary. Regular use of these tools can significantly enhance your language skills.


  • Learning precise meanings and correct usage
  • Discovering new words and their contexts
  • Avoiding repetition by using synonyms

Incorporate dictionary and thesaurus usage into your daily routine, such as looking up new words you encounter while reading or writing.

Learning New Words Daily

Techniques for Learning New Words

Expanding your vocabulary involves actively learning new words and their meanings. This can be done through various techniques that make the process enjoyable and effective.

Practical Tips:

  • Keep a vocabulary journal to record new words
  • Use flashcards to memorize words and their meanings
  • Practice using new words in sentences
  • Learn words in thematic groups (e.g., food, travel, business)

Setting a goal to learn a certain number of words daily can gradually build a robust vocabulary over time.

Engaging in Conversations

Benefits of Speaking Practice

Engaging in conversations is crucial for improving your spoken grammar and vocabulary. It provides real-time practice, allowing you to apply what you’ve learned and receive immediate feedback.

Conversation Strategies:

  • Join English-speaking clubs or groups
  • Practice with friends or language partners
  • Participate in online forums and discussion groups
  • Use language exchange apps to connect with native speakers

Regular conversations help you become more comfortable and fluent, enhancing your ability to use correct grammar and appropriate vocabulary in different contexts.

Watching English Media

Learning Through Movies and TV Shows

Watching English movies, TV shows, and documentaries is an enjoyable way to improve your language skills. It exposes you to various accents, slang, idiomatic expressions, and cultural contexts.

Benefits of Subtitles:

  • Improve comprehension by reading along with the dialogue
  • Learn pronunciation and intonation
  • Pick up colloquial language and everyday expressions

Choose a mix of genres and styles to experience a wide range of language use, from formal to informal settings.

Playing Word Games

Types of Word Games

Word games are a fun and interactive way to improve your vocabulary and grammar. They challenge your language skills and encourage you to think creatively.

Popular Word Games:

  • Scrabble and Boggle
  • Crossword puzzles
  • Word search puzzles
  • Online vocabulary games (e.g., Quizlet, Duolingo)

Playing these games regularly can reinforce your learning and make the process of expanding your vocabulary more engaging.

Taking Online Courses

Benefits of Structured Learning

Online courses offer structured learning experiences with clear objectives and outcomes. They often include interactive lessons, quizzes, and assignments that reinforce your understanding of grammar and vocabulary.

Recommended Platforms:

  • Coursera and edX for comprehensive courses
  • Khan Academy for grammar fundamentals
  • Udemy for specialized language courses

These platforms provide a variety of courses tailored to different proficiency levels, helping you find the right program to meet your learning goals.

Joining a Language Exchange Group

Benefits of Language Exchange

Language exchange groups provide a platform for practicing English with native speakers while helping them learn your language. This mutual exchange enhances your conversational skills and cultural understanding.

How to Find a Group:

  • Use language exchange websites (e.g., Tandem, HelloTalk)
  • Join local language meetups or clubs
  • Participate in online forums and social media groups

Language exchange not only improves your speaking skills but also fosters a sense of community and motivation to learn.

Utilizing Mobile Apps

Top Apps for Learning Grammar and Vocabulary

Mobile apps offer convenient and accessible ways to practice English on the go. They provide interactive lessons, quizzes, and exercises designed to improve your grammar and vocabulary.

Features to Look For:

  • Comprehensive grammar exercises
  • Vocabulary building tools
  • Pronunciation guides
  • Interactive quizzes and games

Recommended Apps:

  • Duolingo for gamified learning
  • Memrise for vocabulary building
  • Grammarly for grammar correction
  • Anki for spaced repetition flashcards

Using these apps regularly can complement your learning routine and provide continuous practice.


Improving your English grammar and vocabulary requires consistent practice and exposure to the language. Engaging in activities such as reading, writing, speaking, and using language learning tools can significantly enhance your proficiency.

Engvarta is an excellent platform that can support your learning journey by providing one-on-one practice sessions with live English experts. This personalized approach helps you gain confidence, receive constructive feedback, and refine your language skills in real time. With Engvarta, you can practice grammar and vocabulary in a supportive environment, making you a more fluent and effective English speaker.

All The Best!!


How to Practice English using Self Talk



how to practice english with self talk
how to practice english with self talk


One habit every English learner must adopt is – Self Talk – it can be a great way to practice as well because for this you don’t need anyone and we all are continuously having chats with ourselves.

So how to do that?

First thing: You don’t have to be fluent to start speaking English to yourself. You don’t need to know a lot of words or grammar to start learning English? 

Here’s how to start with Self Talk 

First of all, talking to yourself means talking about what’s going on in your mind. You can do that almost anywhere when you are alone. Because self-talk in public is weird right? So, just find a place where no one can hear you and just start speaking. 

Now, you may wonder – What should I speak? 

My answer is – Anything that you love talking about. 

Maybe your recent crush or your dream destination. 

The beauty of self-talk is there are no dos and don’ts. You can be yourself and express your thoughts just the way you like in English. 

Self-talk for beginners  

If you are a beginner, the first thing you should do is train your mouth to produce the sound of your target language, i.e, English. You need to practice the pronunciation, the usage of common English words and learn to frame them into sentences. 

Just like you did when you were a child. You imitated your parents and people around you and that’s how you picked up the language. 

Right now, English words may sound unfamiliar to you, so the best way to get accustomed to the language is to watch and listen to people in English. And whatever you listen to, just repeat after them. 

Once you can pronounce the sounds in that language you can take some time to look around yourself, like your apartment, your office, or places you visit, and just call out names in English that you see. 

Another idea could be – Describe what you are doing right now? Are you working at your desk or are you gardening, cooking? Just elaborate on the activities that you are doing and speak it out. 

If you want to talk about the past, you can speak about – How was your week and what are the things that you learned? 

Or, if you want to talk about the future – You can just elaborate on your goals for the year or what you will do in the coming week. 

The third way to do self-talk is to give yourself imaginable situations. Like how would you start a conversation if you have to order something? Or, how would you take an appointment in English?  What would you do if you meet your favorite celebrity? 

If you dedicate at least a few minutes to this activity every day, you’ll be able to take up a conversation in English with anyone even if you have fewer phrases and words. You’ll be able to pave new ways to learn English. 

Self-talk for advanced learners

If you have words and phrases but you just need practice, narrating personal stories is the best way to do self-talk. Mark my words – the more real and emotional your story is, the faster you will be able to get words and phrases. 

You can talk about – 

  1. One of the biggest achievements in your life 
  2. Who has inspired you most in your life? 
  3. What would you like to do if you get a fully paid 1-year leave?
  4. When was the last time you met your cousins & what was it like?
  5. If you could help someone today who would that be & what would you do?

I have a separate blog on topics that you can pick for self-talks – 30 Interesting Topics to practice English

A fun self-talk activity 

Take up a situation where you wanted to win an argument but couldn’t. This is the best time for you to recreate that situation and think of an angle & vocabulary/phrases that could have helped you make your point better and potentially win that argument. 

This will help you aim for two birds at the same time – Win an argument in English and enhance your English word bank too. 

So, are you ready to take up the habit of self-talk? If you have any questions, ask me in comments below. 

Want to Improve your English? Practice English With Experts

English learning app
English learning app

If I ask you on the very first day of your fitness training to do 30 push-ups and you enthusiastically say ……

Okay! Let’s do it and you started doing.

Great! I am your coach here and I am counting…. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,… & so on…
(After 12 push-ups)

Oh, God! It’s too painful…..
You feel like giving up after 12 push-ups and there you say: I can’t do anymore!
Oh No! What happened to you after 12 pushups? Don’t you have enough strength?


Now if I ask you to keep on doing it on a daily basis, then what will happen after a month?

You’ll be able to do 30 push-ups or even more very easily. Why?

Because now you’ve got enough strength and that’s how you build your stamina.

The same thing applies when it comes to your English communication. You need to practice speaking English daily to improve your communication skills. All I want you to do is to speak English with a new person every day. Whatever words you are learning, call the random person, talk with him/her and use those words. Take the critics, listen to feedback and improve. Keep on doing this for a month and I bet, you will see improvements.


Now you’re wondering how to find a random person to speak English every day, And why a random person? I can talk to my friend or my brother.

So here is another tip:

Doing it daily is important because you gotta build strength, but doing it daily with a new person is as important. And here is why:


Did you ever notice you get super comfortable with your friends and family. And it’s easy to say things and communicate with them. But that’s not what happens when you go for that job interview or meet someone and there you need to talk in English. That new person with whom you need to communicate is a total stranger & it gets weirder when that person doesn’t care about your knowledge but instead how well you communicate in English.


Hey listen, you have been practicing English with your friends and family so far. So your mind is not ready to carry on a conversation in English with a stranger in a comfortable way. You start sweating, panic starts and then you lose control over what you speak or you get quiet for a long time and that makes a bad impression. So the takeaway here is that you’re not ready to communicate in English with strangers.


So in your practice, what was missing? That Stranger was missing.
You need to bring a nice stranger to practice English every day. The good thing is, you don’t need to go on a hunt for a stranger every day. Just call EngVarta and it will find you a nice stranger (verified English experts) who speaks English and is ready to help you improve your communication.


For Regular English Practice with Expert: Download EngVarta Mobile App